翻阅原文 -,虚心若愚 

图片 1

旋律下载:http://www.4english.cn/media/englishstudy/speechess/politics/audio/stevejobscommencement.mp3

前言

想必99%的爱人听过Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish那句话,其中90%的人知晓Jobs说过那句话,但很可能仅有10%的人完全看过Jobs在二〇〇五年哈工大高校结业典礼上的解说摄像。固然摄像只有15分钟时长,但里面3个小故事放在前些天依旧值得深思。感谢@阮一峰不断更新译文,同时也希望擅长字幕的同窗在忙于重新制作一份高清双字幕摄像,让越来越多的情人打听完整的内容,重拾经典。

Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish


“Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish.”求知若饥,虚心若愚 

更新记录

二〇一五年0一月26日 – 转发初稿,感谢@阮一峰,整合Youtube
Stanford官方原版超清视频

读书原文 –
http://wsgzao.github.io/post/stay-hungry-stay-foolish/

扩展阅读


2 June 2005, Palo Alto, CA

原版视频

盼望字幕组的恋人帮帮助,需求再度剪辑和中国和英国字幕查对,我会提供超清摄像原始素材,先在此谢过啦。

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Thank you. 
I’m honored to be with you today for your commencement from one of the
finest universities in the world. Truth be told, I never graduated from
college, and this is the closest I’ve ever gotten to a college
graduation. Today, I want to tell you three stories from my life. That’s
it. No big deal. Just three stories.

中国和英国译文

译者:阮一峰
(时间:2005年6月12日)

I am honored to be with you today at your commencement from one of the
finest universities in the world. I never graduated from college. Truth
be told, this is the closest I’ve ever gotten to a college graduation.
Today I want to tell you three stories from my life. That’s it. No big
deal. Just three stories.
明天,我很荣幸和豪门在同步,插足那些世界上最好的高等高校之一的毕业典礼。我从不曾高校结束学业。说实话,那是从那之后我最相仿学院结束学业的一天。前几日本身要向你们讲我人生中的多少个故事。不是哪些大事,只是多个小故事而已。

The first story is about connecting the dots.
第三个故事讲的是,把生命中的点连接起来。.

I dropped out of Reed College after the first 6 months, but then stayed
around as a drop-in for another 18 months or so before I really quit. So
why did I drop out?
自己在Reed大学读了八个月以后就退学了,然则又在高校里旁听了十半年左右,然后才真正离开。我何以要退学呢?

It started before I was born. My biological mother was a young, unwed
college graduate student, and she decided to put me up for adoption. She
felt very strongly that I should be adopted by college graduates, so
everything was all set for me to be adopted at birth by a lawyer and his
wife. Except that when I popped out they decided at the last minute that
they really wanted a girl. So my parents, who were on a waiting list,
got a call in the middle of the night asking: “We have an unexpected
baby boy; do you want him?” They said: “Of course.” My biological mother
later found out that my mother had never graduated from college and that
my father had never graduated from high school. She refused to sign the
final adoption papers. She only relented a few months later when my
parents promised that I would someday go to college.
这要从自己出生前讲起,我的亲娘是一个未婚怀孕的常青大学生,她决定把肚子里的自家送给外人抚养。她精晓希望收养我的家园富有高校学历,所以在我还没出生的时候,一切都已经安排好了,一个辩护律师和他的贤内助收养我。不过殊不知的是,在自身来到人世的那一刻,他们突然反悔了,决定只收养女孩。由此,在认领名单上排在背后的自身的养爹娘,半夜接受电话:”大家有一个不在陈设之中的男孩,你们想要他啊?”他们应对:”当然。”我的亲娘后来发觉,我的干妈没有大学结束学业,我的养父并未高中毕业。她不肯签署最后的收养协议。多少个月后,我的养爹娘承诺送我上大学,她才同意签字协议。

And 17 years later I did go to college. But I naively chose a college
that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my working-class
parents’ savings were being spent on my college tuition. After six
months, I couldn’t see the value in it. I had no idea what I wanted to
do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me figure it
out. And here I was spending all of the money my parents had saved their
entire life. So I decided to drop out and trust that it would all work
out OK. It was pretty scary at the time, but looking back it was one of
the best decisions I ever made. The minute I dropped out I could stop
taking the required classes that didn’t interest me, and begin dropping
in on the ones that looked interesting.
十七年后,我真正上大学了。可是,我很幼稚地拔取了一所大概与武大大学如出一辙贵的该校。我的养爹娘都是蓝领阶层,他们的具有积蓄都用来付我的学习费用。读了八个月之后,我看不到那样做的价值。我不明了自己的人生应该怎么,也不知情高校怎么着帮自己找到答案。而且,若是自己在高等校园里待下去,就会花光我的家长所有一生的积蓄。所以,我就控制退学了,相信这样行得通。那几个时候,我真的担心害怕,不过回过头来看,那是自家的特级决定之一。一旦我退学了,就能不上那个自己并非兴趣的必修课,可以起来旁听那么些自己有趣味的课了。

It wasn’t all romantic. I didn’t have a dorm room, so I slept on the
floor in friends’ rooms, I returned coke bottles for the 5¢ deposits to
buy food with, and I would walk the 7 miles across town every Sunday
night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna temple. I loved
it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and
intuition turned out to be priceless later on. Let me give you one
example:
那件事也有不便的一边。我并未宿舍了,就睡在朋友家的地板上。退回可乐瓶可以得到5美分,我把它们积累起来换东西吃。每个星期五早上,我步行7英里穿过城市,到教会吃一顿免费的丰赡晚餐。可是,我或者愿意。跟着自己的好奇心和直觉走,我误打误撞蒙受的洋洋事物,日后都被证实是价值连城之宝。我给您们举一个例子。

Reed College at that time offered perhaps the best calligraphy
instruction in the country. Throughout the campus every poster, every
label on every drawer, was beautifully hand calligraphed. Because I had
dropped out and didn’t have to take the normal classes, I decided to
take a calligraphy class to learn how to do this. I learned about serif
and san serif typefaces, about varying the amount of space between
different letter combinations, about what makes great typography great.
It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science
can’t capture, and I found it fascinating.
那儿,Reed大学开办可能是全国最好的书法课。高校里的每一张海报、每个抽屉上的每张标签,都是雅观的手写体。因为退学后不要上那多少个健康课程,我主宰去上书法课,学习怎样写出漂亮的字。在那里,我学到了衬线字体和无衬线字体,学到了改观差别字母组合之间的距离,学到了版面设计怎么样才能雅观。它是那么的美、富有历史感、艺术的精致,科学不能够捕捉到那些,我发觉它太讨人喜欢了。

None of this had even a hope of any practical application in my life.
But ten years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh
computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac.
It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never
dropped in on that single course in college, the Mac would have never
had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows
just copied the Mac, its likely that no personal computer would have
them. If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on this
calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful
typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots
looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear
looking backwards ten years later.
那几个东西,没有一件看上去对本人的人生有实在的价值。可是十年后,当大家设计首先台Macintosh电脑的时候,它们都帮到我了。大家把它们都计划进了成品。那是第一台有着美妙操作界面的微处理器。倘若本身平昔不在高等高校里旁听这门课,Mac电脑就不会有八种字形,或者按比例间隔的书体。因为后来Windows操作系统抄袭了Mac,那么很可能拥有民用电脑都不曾它们。倘诺本身从未退学,我就不会旁听书法课,那么个人电脑可能就不会有它们现在的那么杰出的界面了。当然,我还在大学里展望人生的时候,不可以把这几个点都关系起来。可是十年后回头看,它们中间的联络真的是可怜更加清楚。

Again, you can’t connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect
them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow
connect in your future. You have to trust in something — your gut,
destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and
it has made all the difference in my life.
再说三回,你展望人生的时候,不容许把那个点连起来;唯有当您想起人生的时候,才能觉察它们中间的维系。所以你必须有信念,相信这几个点总会以某种格局,对你的前程发出影响。你不可能不相信一些作业—-你的胆气、命局、人生、缘分等等。那样做没有令我失望,反而决定了自我人生中装有越发之处。

My second story is about love and loss.
我的第三个故事,是关于爱和损失的。

I was lucky — I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz and I
started Apple in my parents garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and in
10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2
billion company with over 4000 employees. We had just released our
finest creation — the Macintosh — a year earlier, and I had just
turned 30. And then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company
you started? Well, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very
talented to run the company with me, and for the first year or so things
went well. But then our visions of the future began to diverge and
eventually we had a falling out. When we did, our Board of Directors
sided with him. So at 30 I was out. And very publicly out. What had been
the focus of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating.
本人很幸运,在人生很早的时候,就找到了喜爱的政工。我和沃兹尼亚克在本人父母的车库里创制苹果公司的时候,我只有20岁。大家劳顿工作,十年后苹果集团从一个车库里的四个人小店铺,成长为跨越4000个雇员的20亿泰铢大商家。在那之明年,大家恰好发表了最完美的出品—-Macintosh电脑,我也才刚过30岁。不过接下去,我就被辞退了。你怎么可能被一家自己创设的店堂辞退呢?事情是这么的,随着集团的进化,大家雇来了一位我眼中的天赋,与自我一头管制公司。第一年,一切还算顺遂。不过那之后,大家对集团发展的看法出现了不同,最终促成了解体。最终,董事会站在了他的单方面。所以,30岁的那一年,我被解雇了,而且是在肯定之下。我总体成年人生的生存重点,离我远去,真是毁灭性的打击。

I really didn’t know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had let
the previous generation of entrepreneurs down – that I had dropped the
baton as it was being passed to me. I met with David Packard and Bob
Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very
public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley.
But something slowly began to dawn on me — I still loved what I did.
The turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been
rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over
中期几个月,我真正不知晓为什么。我觉得自己太令人白璧微瑕,上一世集团家交给我的接力棒,已经被自己掉了。我与
大卫 Packard和鲍伯Noyce会晤,试着道歉我把作业搞得如此糟。我的挫折被来势猛烈暴露,我依旧想交往硅谷逃走。不过,逐渐地,有一件东西让自家见状了曙光—-我照旧喜爱自己做的事务。苹果集团暴发的题目,丝毫未曾更改那点。我真的被推翻了,可是自己仍旧热爱那一个事业。所以,我控制从头早先。

I didn’t see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple
was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of
being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner
again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most
creative periods of my life.
我随即从不发觉到,但是随后认证,被苹果解雇是本人一世中经历的最好的业务。成功者的承担,重新被初学者的轻盈取代,对其他工作都不是很有把握。它解放了本人,让自身重新进入又一个人生最富有创建力的一世。

During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another
company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would
become my wife. Pixar went on to create the worlds first computer
animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most successful
animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of events, Apple
bought NeXT, I retuned to Apple, and the technology we developed at NeXT
is at the heart of Apple’s current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a
wonderful family together.
接下去的五年,我创建了一家名为NeXT的铺面,以及一家名叫Pixar的铺面,与一个良好的家庭妇女坠入爱河,然后结为夫妻。Pixar生产出世界上先是部总结机动画电影《玩具故事》,方今是天下最成功的动画电影工作室。通过一体系事件的奇幻转变,苹果公司收购了NeXT,我又重回了苹果公司。大家在NeXT开发的技艺,现在是苹果公司复业的最首要。我还和Lauren妮组建了一个美好的家中。

I’m pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadn’t been fired
from Apple. It was awful tasting medicine, but I guess the patient
needed it. Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Don’t lose
faith. I’m convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I
loved what I did. You’ve got to find what you love. And that is as true
for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work is going to fill a
large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do
what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to
love what you do. If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking. Don’t
settle. As with all matters of the heart, you’ll know when you find it.
And, like any great relationship, it just gets better and better as the
years roll on. So keep looking until you find it. Don’t settle.
自己很肯定,假诺自身不被苹果公司解雇,这一切都不会暴发。尽管那个事件的滋味像药物一样苦不堪言,不过我想伤者必要服用它。有时,生活会对您一头一击,那时不要丧失信心。我确信,唯一让我保持前进的引力,就是自己喜爱和谐做的作业。你必须找到您热爱的东西。无论对于民众,仍旧对于情侣,都是那般。你的办事是您人生的很大一部分,真正令你感到满意的绝无仅有格局,就是去做你内心中的伟大工作。做成伟大工作的绝无仅有办法,就是疼爱你自己做的业务。如若你还没有找到这么的事务,那就无冕寻找,不要和平解决。就好像与内心有关的别的事情一样,当您找到的时候,你协调会知道的。并且与拥有伟大的情愫一样,时间越久,它的景况会变得更为好。所以,不停地找,直到找到甘休,不要息争。

My third story is about death.
自己的第多少个故事是关于谢世的。

When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: “If you live
each day as if it was your last, someday you’ll most certainly be
right.” It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33
years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: “If
today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about
to do today?” And whenever the answer has been “No” for too many days in
a row, I know I need to change something.
十七岁的时候,我读到一句话,大意是那样的:”要是你把每日都作为生命的最后一天,那么未来你最可能过上正确的生存。”它给自身留下了很深的回想,过去33年来,我每一天早晨瞧着镜子问自己:”若是前几天是人生的结尾一天,我会不会愿意去做前几天将要做的作业?”无论曾几何时,若是连接众多天,答案都是NO,我就清楚须求作出变动了。

Remembering that I’ll be dead soon is the most important tool I’ve ever
encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost
everything — all external expectations, all pride, all fear of
embarrassment or failure – these things just fall away in the face of
death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are
going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you
have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to
follow your heart.
牢记自己不久就将死去,那是本人发现的最关键的工具,协助我做出人生中的重大决定。因为大致拥有工作—-旁人的企盼,内心的傲慢,对于破产或出丑的害怕—-所有那个事情在过逝面前,都会没有,只留下那么些实在关键的事情。记住你就要死,那是自我所知晓最好格局,免于言犹在耳您可能会失去某件东西。你早就赤身裸体了,没有理由不跟随你的心底。

About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in
the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn’t even
know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly
a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no
longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get
my affairs in order, which is doctor’s code for prepare to die. It means
to try to tell your kids everything you thought you’d have the next 10
years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make sure
everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for
your family. It means to say your goodbyes.
粗粗一年前,我被诊断患癌。上午7点半,我做了几回全身扫描,它领会地出示我的胰脏上有一个肉瘤。我那儿照旧都不了解胰脏是哪些。医务卫生人员告诉自己,已经足以毫无疑问,那是一种不可以治疗的癌症,我的生命估摸不超越3到五个月。医师指出我回家把业务布置好,那是医务卫生人员对于”将要寿终正寝”的表明格局。它意味着,你要试着把你原以为未来10年才对男女们说的作业,放着多少个月里告诉他们。它代表,你要确定把原件业务都安插好,使得对于你的眷属来说,一切变得硬着头皮的大致。它代表,你要和全方位告别。

I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy,
where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach and
into my intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells
from the tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me that
when they viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying
because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that
is curable with surgery. I had the surgery and I’m fine now.
一整天,我时时不想着那么些诊断。当天上午,我做了一个活检,医务人员将内窥镜塞进自己的咽喉,穿过胃,进入肠子,又用一根针刺进胰脏,从肿瘤上收获部分细胞。我很镇静,可是本人的妻子(她也列席)告诉自己,领先生从显微镜寓目那一个细胞时,他们开头发生奇怪,因为他们发觉那是一种分外稀有的肝脓肿,可以经过手术康复。我做了手术,现在感觉到很好。

This was the closest I’ve been to facing death, and I hope its the
closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now
say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful
but purely intellectual concept:
那是自身最相近归西的时刻,我盼望今后几十年都是这么。有了如此的阅历,对我的话,离世就不仅仅是一种纯粹智力上的管事概念,我可以更确定地告知你们:

No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don’t want to
die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No one
has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is very
likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life’s change agent. It
clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you,
but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and
be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true.
从未人想死,甚至这一个渴望升入天堂的人也不想死。不过,死亡是我们所有人都不可防止的人生巅峰。没有人得以规避。事情或者理所当然就相应那样,因为谢世很可能是活着中最好的单项发明。它是让生活改变的一种手段。它清理旧的一代,为新的一时创造空间。现在你们是新娘,可是在并不太遥远的某一天,你们将日益成为旧的一代,被清理出去。很对不起,我不想说得如此戏剧化,但是实际就是如此。

Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life.
Don’t be trapped by dogma — which is living with the results of other
people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out
your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow
your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want
to become. Everything else is secondary.
你们的时日少于,所以并非把它浪费在过其余人的生存。不要被教条束缚,那是其余人思考的结果。不要让其余人的见解淹没你协调心里的声响。最要紧的是,你要有胆略跟随你的心坎和直觉。某种程度上,它们已经领会你实在想要成为何样体统。其余具有事务都是次要的。

When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole
Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was
created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park,
and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late
1960’s, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all
made with typewriters, scissors, and polaroid cameras. It was sort of
like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along: it was
idealistic, and overflowing with neat tools and great notions.
本人年轻的时候,有一本奇妙的出版物,叫做《地球商品目录》(The Whole Earth
Catalog),这是我们那一代人的圣经之一。它是由一个名为Stewart
Brand的人,在相距那里不远的Menlo公园创立的。他诗一般地将它带到了红尘。那是六十年代末期,个人电脑和桌面出版还并未出版,它是由打字机、剪刀和四回成像照相机做成的。它有点像纸质的谷歌,但是是在谷歌诞生35年此前。它满载了理想主义,包括了诸多灵活的工具和气势磅礴的想法。

Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog,
and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was
the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final
issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you
might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath
it were the words: “Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.” It was their farewell
message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I have always
wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish
that for you.
Stewart
和他的团队发行了几期《地球商品目录》,然后他们任天由命地生产了最终一期。那是70年份中叶,我跟你们现在一律大。最终一期的封底,有一幅下午农村公路的肖像,假使你欢娱冒险,那就是您恐怕会搭便车旅行的那种道路。在它上面有一行字:”保持饥饿,保持拙笨”。我老是期待团结可以形成那一点。现在,你们将要毕业,初阶新的旅程,我也如此地祝愿你们。

Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.
有限支持饥饿,保持愚昧。

Thank you all very much.
分外感谢各位。
(完)

末尾修改时间: 2015-07-13 18:42:55

The first story is about connecting the dots. I dropped out of Reed
College after the first six months, but then stayed around as a drop-in
for another 18 months or so before I really quit. So why did I drop
out?

It started before I was born. My biological mother was a young, unwed
graduate student, and she decided to put me up for adoption. She felt
very strongly that I should be adopted by college graduates, so
everything was all set for me to be adopted at birth by a lawyer and his
wife — except that when I popped out they decided at the last minute
that they really wanted a girl.

So my parents, who were on a waiting list, got a call in the middle of
the night asking, “We’ve got an unexpected baby boy; do you want him?”
They said, “Of course.” My biological mother found out later that my
mother had never graduated from college and that my father had never
graduated from high school. She refused to sign the final adoption
papers. She only relented a few months later when my parents promised
that I would go to college. This was the start in my life.

And 17 years later I did go to college. But I naively chose a college
that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my working-class
parents’ savings were being spent on my college tuition. After six
months, I couldn’t see the value in it. I had no idea what I wanted to
do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me figure it
out. And here I was spending all of the money my parents had saved their
entire life.

So I decided to drop out and trust that it would all work out okay. It
was pretty scary at the time, but looking back it was one of the best
decisions I ever made. The minute I dropped out I could stop taking the
required classes that didn’t interest me, and begin dropping in on the
ones that looked far more interesting.

It wasn’t all romantic. I didn’t have a dorm room, so I slept on the
floor in friends’ rooms. I returned coke bottles for the five cent
deposits to buy food with, and I would walk the seven miles across town
every Sunday night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna
temple. I loved it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my
curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on. Let me give
you one example:

Reed College at that time offered perhaps the best calligraphy
instruction in the country. Throughout the campus every poster, every
label on every drawer, was beautifully hand calligraphed. Because I had
dropped out and didn’t have to take the normal classes, I decided to
take a calligraphy class to learn how to do this. I learned about serif
and san serif typefaces, about varying the amount of space between
different letter combinations, about what makes great typography great.
It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science
can’t capture, and I found it fascinating.

None of this had even a hope of any practical application in my life.
But ten years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh
computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac.
It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never
dropped in on that single course in college, the “Mac” would have never
had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows
just copied the Mac, it’s likely that no personal computer would have
them. If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on that
calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful
typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots
looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear
looking backwards 10 years later.

Again, you can’t connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect
them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow
connect in your future. You have to trust in something — your gut,
destiny, life, karma, whatever — because believing that the dots will
connect down the road will give you the confidence to follow your heart,
even when it leads you off the well-worn path, and that will make all
the difference.

My second story is about love and loss.

I was lucky — I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz1 and I
started Apple in my parents’ garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and
in 10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a
two billion dollar company with over 4000 employees. We’d just released
our finest creation — the Macintosh — a year earlier, and I had just
turned 30.

And then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company you started?
Well, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very talented to
run the company with me, and for the first year or so things went well.
But then our visions of the future began to diverge and eventually we
had a falling out. When we did, our Board of Directors sided with him.
And so at 30, I was out. And very publicly out. What had been the focus
of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating.

I really didn’t know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had let
the previous generation of entrepreneurs down — that I had dropped the
baton as it was being passed to me. I met with David Packard and Bob
Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very
public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley.
But something slowly began to dawn on me: I still loved what I did. The
turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been
rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over.

I didn’t see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple
was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of
being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner
again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most
creative periods of my life.

During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another
company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would
become my wife. Pixar went on to create the world’s first
computer-animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most
successful animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of
events, Apple bought NeXT, and I retuned to Apple, and the technology we
developed at NeXT is at the heart of Apple’s current renaissance. And
Laurene and I have a wonderful family together.

I’m pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadn’t been fired
from Apple. It was awful tasting medicine, but I guess the patient
needed it. Sometime life — Sometimes life going to hit you in the head
with a brick. Don’t lose faith. I’m convinced that the only thing that
kept me going was that I loved what I did. You’ve got to find what you
love.

And that is as true for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work is
going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly
satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to
do great work is to love what you do. If you haven’t found it yet, keep
looking — and don’t settle. As with all matters of the heart, you’ll
know when you find it. And like any great relationship, it just gets
better and better as the years roll on. So keep looking — don’t
settle.

My third story is about death.

When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: “If you live
each day as if it was your last, someday you’ll most certainly be
right.” It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33
years, I’ve looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: “If
today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about
to do today?” And whenever the answer has been “No” for too many days in
a row, I know I need to change something.

Remembering that I’ll be dead soon is the most important tool I’ve ever
encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost
everything — all external expectations, all pride, all fear of
embarrassment or failure — these things just fall away in the face of
death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are
going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you
have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to
follow your heart.

About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in
the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn’t even
know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly
a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no
longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get
my affairs in order, which is doctor’s code for “prepare to die.” It
means to try and tell your kids everything you thought you’d have the
next 10 years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make sure
everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for
your family. It means to say your goodbyes.

I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy,
where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach into my
intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells from the
tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me that when they
viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying because
it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that is
curable with surgery. I had the surgery and, thankfully, I’m fine now.

This was the closest I’ve been to facing death, and I hope it’s the
closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now
say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful
but purely intellectual concept: No one wants to die.

Even people who want to go to heaven don’t want to die to get there. And
yet death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it.
And that is as it should be, because Death is very likely the single
best invention of Life. It’s Life’s change agent. It clears out the old
to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too
long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away.
Sorry to be so dramatic, but it’s quite true.

Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life.
Don’t be trapped by dogma — which is living with the results of other
people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out
your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow
your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want
to become. Everything else is secondary.

When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole
Earth Catalog, which was one of the “bibles” of my generation. It was
created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park,
and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late
60s, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all
made with typewriters, scissors, and Polaroid cameras. It was sort of
like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along. It was
idealistic, overflowing with neat tools and great notions.

Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog,
and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was
the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final
issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you
might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath
it were the words: “Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.” It was their farewell
message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I’ve always
wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish
that for you.

Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.

Thank you all
very much. 

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